IMPORTANCE OF HOMAM
There are some rituals like Homam, Yagnam which are performed for atonement of sins and possession of righteousness. Basically, this is carried out so that one could grab punyan (merit) in order to fulfill one’s material or spiritual desires.
The two main components used while performing Homam, Yagnam or Tarpanam are fire and water. It is proclaimed that the entire universe constitutes of five major elements known as the ‘panchabhootas’. Amongst these five elements, Earth is considered the heaviest and most concrete element. Comparatively, air and space are the lightest of all and very philosophical. This is the reason that the saints have chosen fire and water as the major elements in their ‘sadhana’.
Similar to the five elements present in the universe, these are present in the human body too. Inside the body, fire is present in two forms – Jatara-Agni (Digestive fire in the body) anf Bhoota-Agni (Internal Spiritual Fire in the body). Generally, Jatara-Agni burns brighlty in most humans and Bhoota-Agni is a merely low dim flame. It is believed that the deity satisfies the desires of the person who performs this ritual. Homam has been considered as the fastest way to acquire the deity’s grace. Some of the very well-known Homams performed by the saints in temples are Chandi Homam, Ayush Homam, Sudarshana Homam, Mrityunjaya Homam, Pashupata Homam and Ganapati Homam. It is also said that the gases coming out of the kunda re-energizes the aura and rejuvenates the soul. In the earlier days, people used to perform these fire rituals everyday. These people came to be known as Nitya-Agnihotris. The most excellent example of Nitya-Agnihotri is Lord Rama.